Multidisciplinary Group formed by engineers, architects and chemists, focused on the study, experimentation and development of new materials and structures for construction, as well as the rehabilitation and improvement of existing buildings, all based on a performance approach.
The design and operation of technical systems in general, and of civil engineering structures in particular always involve the consideration of safety, environmental and economic aspects. According to current standards and practice, aspects related to compliance with requirements for materials and structures are implicitly addressed. This approach does not allow an adequate quantification of the performance of a given solution as the acceptance criteria are not completely rational as they are based on past experiences.
The activities of the Group, integrated in the IETcc-CSIC, are in the field of structural engineering and concrete technology, covering issues related to reinforcement by FRP, experimental analysis of structures, structural reliability, risk analysis, pathology analysis and the design and study of sustainable concrete with advanced performance. The work developed in each of these fields includes the following specific lines of research
Design and Technology of new concretes
To advance the use of new structural concretes for use in engineering and architecture.
Customized concretes will be developed with a performance approach, validating the structural behaviour and service life models. The physical phenomena associated with the intrinsic evolution of the material and the interaction with both the static or dynamic and the deferred load states of the concrete will be studied.
The integral use of the properties of concrete will be studied to provide an improvement in the economy of the construction process, by jointly evaluating the entire life cycle, the cost of materials and energy.
Self-compacting concretes reinforced with fibres of various materials will be designed and characterised; high performance self-compacting concretes with compensated shrinkage, expansive concretes; ultrahigh resistance concretes and integration of industrial waste materials.
Structural reinforcement with FRP
To investigate the mechanical properties and adhesion of resin-concrete with different types of composite materials: fabrics, sheets, NSM, with glass fibres, carbon and others.
To develop projects to obtain numerical and analytical models of the structural behaviour of concrete elements.
Evaluation of structural behaviour. Pathology
Study the basic requirements of structures, model the actions to which they are subjected; evaluate the state of the same, models of behaviour and structural reliability of both new structures and structures with some type of pathology.
To study the causes and effects of these pathologies, as well as repair or reinforcement systems.
Experimental analysis of structures
To experimentally analyse the quasi-static or dynamic behaviour of structures and structural elements, in the mechanical test rooms or on site. Study the systems for monitoring, control and in situ testing of structures.
Structural reliability and risk analysis
Model the actions, influences, resistance of structures, quantifying the uncertainties associated with the relevant parameters and analysing the risks associated with structures and transient processes. The consequences of possible failures of structures and systems will be studied. Through this knowledge, the aim is to design new innovative structures by evaluating the associated risks and developing safety concepts for structural dimensioning.
Construction and Building Materials; vol: 138 ; Páginas: 306 – 315
J.L. García Calvo; G. Perez; P. Carballosa; E. Erkizia; J.J. Gaitero; A. Guerrero
Physics and Chemistry of the Earth; vol: 99 ; Páginas: 49 – 63
Raúl Fernández; Elena Torres; Ana I. Ruiz; Jaime Cuevas; María Cruz Alonso; José Luis García Calvo; Enrique Rodríguez; María Jesús Turrero
Journal of Materials in Civil Engineering; vol: 29 ; Páginas: 4016222-1 – 4016222-15
R.Talero; C. Arámburo; M. González; MªI Sánchez; A. Blázquez; M. Frías; C. Pedrajas
Structural Concrete; vol: 19 ; Páginas: 284 – 295
Sykora, M.; Krejsa, J.; Mlcoch, J.; Prieto, M.; Tanner, P.
Construction and Building Materials, 111, 379-385.
García Calvo, J. L., Alonso, M. C., Luco, L. F., Robles Velasco, M. (2016).
Materials and Structures, , 48, No. 10, 3415-3430. ISSN 1871-6873.
SYKORA, M., HOLICKY, M., PRIETO, M. and TANNER, P.,
Materiales de Construcción. DOI: 10.3989/mc.2015.10613.
F. Rozas,· A. Castillo, · I. Martínez Y· M. Castellote.·
Journal of Materials Chemistry C;Vol: 3;Páginas: 3999 – 4006
Galisteo-López, J.F.; Ibisate, M.; Muñoz, A.; López, C